Various types of Mutual Funds schemes exist to cater to different needs of different people. Largely there are three types mutual funds.
Equity or Growth Funds
These invest predominantly in equities i.e. shares of companies The primary objective is wealth creation or capital appreciation.
1. “Large Cap” funds which invest predominantly in companies that run large established business.
2. “Mid Cap funds” which invest in mid-sized companies.
3. “Small Cap” funds that invest in small sized companies.
4. “Multi Cap” funds that invest in a mix of large, mid and small sized companies.
5. “Sector” funds that invest in companies that are related to one type of business. For e.g. Technology funds that invest only in technology companies.
6. “Thematic” funds that invest in a common theme. For e.g. Infrastructure funds that invest in companies that will benefit from the growth in the infrastructure segment.
7. Tax-Saving Funds.
Income or Bond or Fixed Income Funds
These invest in Fixed Income Securities, like Government Securities or Bonds, Commercial Papers and Debentures, Bank Certificates of Deposits and Money Market instruments like Treasury Bills, Commercial Paper, etc.
These are relatively safer investments and are suitable for Income Generation.
Examples would be-
1. Liquid Funds
2. Short Term Fund
3. Floating Rate
4. Corporate Debt
5. Dynamic Bond
6. Credit Risk Fund
7. Gilt Funds, etc
These invest in both Equities and Fixed Income, thus offering the best of both, Growth Potential as well as Income Generation.
Examples would be-
2. Conservative Balanced Funds
4. Child Plans
5. Monthly Income Plans
Also Read – 6 Powerful Tips to construct a Perfect Mutual Fund Portfolio
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